About healthcare associated infection
A healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) is an infection that happens after contact with healthcare services.
This is most common after treatment in a hospital, but can also happen after treatment in outpatient clinics, nursing homes and other healthcare settings.
Healthcare-associated infections that are picked up in
How common are healthcare-associated infections?
Healthcare-associated infections (HCAI)
Statistics on the occurrence of healthcare-associated infections in Ireland are collated by the HSE's specialist agency for infectious diseases, the Health Protection Surveillance Centre
The 5 most common HCAIs are:
- Surgical site infection
- Urinary tract infection
- Bloodstream infection
Healthcare-associated infections and germs
Healthcare-associated infections are caused by germs which include bacteria, fungi and viruses.
Most infections, such as surgical wound and urinary tract infections, are caused by bacteria. These are normally carried harmlessly on a patient's own skin, such as Staphylococcus aureus, or the intestine, such as E. coli.
Many of the germs that cause healthcare-associated infections can be treated by a wide range of antibiotics. However,
Other healthcare-associated infections include:
- CRE (
- ESBL (Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase)
- MRSA (
meticillin resistantStaphylococcus aureus)
- VRE (Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci)