Road Safety Be Safe Be Seen

Here you will find information on how you can stay safe and be seen on our roads, while walking, cycling or driving.

Safety tips for pedestrians
Tips for safe cycling

Tips for safe driving
Other useful articles or links

Safety tips for pedestrians

Walking is agreat way to exercise. As people get older it is important to take exercise to maintain a healthy diet, strong body and good circulation.  If you take walks near a road, then it is important to remember the following safety tips.


  • Always walk facing oncoming traffic, especially where there are no footpaths
  • Keep as far right as possible when walking facing traffic
  • Never assume a driver will stop at junctions or traffic lights
  • Look right, then left and right again before crossing a road
  • Avoid crossing where drivers may not be able to see you
  • Never cross a road between parked vehicles
  • Never assume you have the right of way
  • Always come to a complete stop before crossing a road
  • Always use pedestrian crossings where available
  • Watch for cars reversing out of parking spaces, driveways or other crossings
  • Be sure that drivers are aware of your presence by making eye contact before crossing in front of them
  • Plan your outings to avoid peak hour traffic
  • Be extremely careful if you have taken medication or alcohol as they increase your risk of misjudging traffic on the road.
  • Wear bright coloured clothing during the day and reflective clothing at night.  Drab colours can cause you to blend in with traffic
  • Remember, you can see the headlights of approaching vehicles - stay wary and be ready to move in off the road
  • Carry a working flash lamp where possible, ensuring you hold it in the hand that is closest to traffic
  • In bad weather, don’t allow umbrellas and hoods to restrict your view of traffic
  • Remember, a driver’s visibility is severely restricted in bad weather – they cannot easily see you through fogged windows and poor weather and night vision dims as driver’s age. Allow extra time and distance for vehicles to stop.

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Tips for safe cycling

Be safe– Give traffic space and hold back. A truck, for example, might be turning at any corner. Never cycle up the side of a vehicle that might be in the process of making a turn. Always ensure you have your lights positioned correctly on the bicycle and that they are in good working order. Always wear a bicycle helmet that meets current safety standards. Ensure the saddle and handlebars are properly positioned and comfortable. Check that your bicycle is safe to cycle and that your brakes, wheels, tyres, lights, bell and steering are in proper working order.

Be seen– Wear bright, reflective clothing, armbands and belts when cycling at night or when light fades. A reflective jacket or waistcoat that slips over your coat will help to define your shape in the dark. Reflective patches, badges, tape and stickers can be applied anywhere on the bike or cyclist and are recommended to maximise your visibility.

Be alert– At night it is easier to spot approaching cars because of their headlights, but remember you may be dazzled by lights on full beam.


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Dos and don’ts when cycling

  • Do plan a route that suits your abilities
  • Do cycle your bicycle decisively – it helps motorists understand your plans
  • Do refresh yourself with the Rules of the Road and follow them
  • Do cycle on cycle lanes when available
  • Do think ahead, anticipate drivers’ actions and catch their eye
  • Do cycle well clear of the kerb
  • Do use hand signals to indicate when you plan to make a turn
  • Do wear bright clothing and always use lights after dark or in poor daytime visibility
  • Don’t cycle the wrong way up one way streets
  • Don’t cycle across pedestrian crossings

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Tips for safe driving

Always wear a seatbelt when in a vehicle, no matter how short the journey, whether you are the driver or passenger or in the back seat. Seatbelts save lives.The law states that seatbelts must be worn by the driver and all passengers. Drivers have a legal duty to ensure that all passengers in their vehicle aged under 17 wear a seatbelt, children aged under four are in the appropriate sized car seat, and children aged up to 12 years must use a ooster seat.


Driver fatigue

The problem with fatigue (tiredness) is that it develops slowly and drivers often don’t realize they’re too tired to drive. 

The following may help you avoid driver fatigue:

  • Plan your trip to include regular breaks - at least every two hours for 15 minutes or more
  • Plan to start your trip early in the day and try not to drive into the night.
  • Plan to stay somewhere overnight
  • When you stop get out and walk around for exercise and deep breathing
  • Share the driving, if you can
  • Eat well-balanced meals on journeys
  • Don’t drink any alcohol before driving or during rest breaks
  • Check your prescription medicines – some can make you drowsy.


  • Never drink and drive – if you are going out and know you will have a drink, leave the car at home
  • Check your speed – familiarise yourself with the new metric speed limits and drive within them
  • Keep a reflective jacket or vest, red triangle, flash light/torch, first aid kit and small fire extinguisher in your car boot in case of emergency.


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Other useful articles or links:

Click here for information on Citizen’s Information -Road and Safety

National Safety Council
LoCall: 1890 200 844 or 01-496 3422

The Road Safety Authority
Moy Business Park
Primrose Hill
Co. Mayo

Tel. Lo-Call 1890 506080 or 096 25000  

HSE National Information Line
Monday to Saturday, 8am-8pm
Call Save: 1850 24 1850

Citizen’s Information Centres
LoCall: 1890 777 121

Free and confidential service

Click here for HSE Local Health Offices

Click here for HSE Health Centres


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