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The Khanda, composed of four images, is the universal Sikh symbol. In the centre is a double-edged sword called a Khanda, surrounded by the Chakar (circle) and at the outer part two curved interlocking swords. Each aspect reflects ideals of the Sikh religion.
Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak in the late 1400s in the Punjab district, an area now spanning parts of India and Pakistan.
The Sikh holy book is called the Guru Granth Sahib, and it is a collection of teachings and writings by former Sikh Gurus as well as some inclusion from Hindu and Muslim saints. Sikhism believes in One God (Ek Onkar), Karma, which in simplified form is the future consequences of current actions, the potential for rebirth, leading a strict and moral life, justice, equality and service to humanity.
The Guru lineage has been discontinued and a democratic structure and the Holy Scriptures now guide the religion.
There are an estimated 23 million Sikhs in the world, most living in Punjab, New Delhi, and other main cities of India. There are also Sikhs in many other countries.