The seasonal flu vaccine protects against the 3 strains of flu virus recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the strains most likely to be circulating this season.
You should get your flu vaccination from September to be covered for flu season. The viruses change each year. This is why you need to get a new vaccine each year.
People 18 and over should get the vaccine from their GP or Pharmacist or Occupational Health Department. Younger people should get the vaccine from their GP.
The flu vaccine is free if you are in an at risk group but you may be charged a consultation fee, unless you have a medical card or a GP visit card.
The flu vaccine doesn't contain any live viruses - it cannot give you the flu.
How it works
The flu vaccine helps your immune system to produce antibodies to the influenza virus. If you have been vaccinated and you come into contact with the virus, these antibodies will attack it and stop you from getting sick.
The flu vaccine starts to work within two weeks.
We are urging people in at-risk groups to get the flu vaccine. We strongly recommended the vaccine if you:
- are 65 years of age and over
- are pregnant
- have a long-term health condition
- work in healthcare
- are a carer
- live in a nursing home or other long-term care facility
- in regular contact with pigs, poultry or water fowl
Don't get the flu vaccine if you have had a severe allergic (anaphylaxis) reaction to a previous dose or any part of the vaccine.
Vaccination should be re-scheduled if you have an acute illness with a temperature greater than 38°C.
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This year's seasonal flu vaccine contains protection against 3 strains of flu virus. These are recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the strains most likely to be circulating this season.
The three strains are:
- an A/Michigan/45/2015 (H1N1)pdm09-like strain
- an A/Singapore/INFIMH-16-0019/2016 (H3N2)-like virus;
- a B/Colorado/06/2017-like virus (B/Victoria/2/87 lineage);
The 2018/19 HSE seasonal vaccination programme is Influvac manufactured by Mylan.
No. There is no thiomersal in the vaccine used in the 2018/2019 flu campaign.
It can vary from year-to-year among different age and risk groups. It can depend on the match between the predicted vaccine virus used to produce the vaccine and the viruses that will circulate this season. In general, current flu vaccines tend to work better again influenza B and influenza A(H1N1) viruses and offer lower protection against influenza A(H3N2) viruses.
See factsheet at https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/qa/vaccineeffect.htm
Flu vaccines have been given for more than 60 years to millions of people worldwide. Reactions are generally mild and serious side effects are rare.
The most common side effects are mild and may include soreness, redness or swelling where the injection was given. Headache, fever, aches and tiredness may occur. These side effects do not mean that you are getting flu.
The risk of having an anaphylactic reaction to the seasonal flu vaccine is rare.
The vaccine should not be given to those with a history of severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) to a previous dose of the vaccine or any of its constituents.
Patients on combination checkpoint inhibitors (e.g. ipilumumab plus nivolumab) should not receive any influenza vaccines, because of a significant increased incidence of immune-related adverse reactions.
If you have a confirmed egg anaphylaxis and non-anaphylactic egg allergy you can be given an influenza vaccine with an ovalbumin content 0.1μg per dose.
Influvac (Mylan) contains less than 0.1μg ovalbumin per dose. You can get this vaccine from your GP or you may need a referral to a hospital specialist.