Living and Working in Ireland

Please click on the links below to find out more about the following;

Finding Accommodation

Transport and Travel




Bank and Public Holidays in Ireland

Useful Publications and Websites


Finding Accommodation

The main options are to either buy a property, lease privately (i.e. directly from the owner of a house/ apartment) or, lease via a property rental agency.

Rental Accommodation

In general, private rented accommodation is obtained through:

  • Property Websites e.g. and
  • Local newspapers
  • Public notice boards (e.g. in the hospital & local shops)
  • Friends/work colleagues
  • Property rental agency/local auctioneers

Rent is normally payable monthly in advance and an initial deposit of 1 months rent is usually also required. The weekly local newspapers and property websites will have many adverts for shared accommodation.

The owner or property rental agent may look for:

  • A signed lease agreement
  • Bank references
  • Letter confirming your employment
  • Refundable deposit held as security for the duration of the lease

A further point worth noting is that, by law, all tenants are entitled to a rent book or a written tenancy agreement.



Transport & Travel

Ireland is well linked internationally by both air and ferry networks. Most European cities have regular direct flights in and out of at least one of the following airports: Dublin, Cork, Shannon and Belfast. There are regular ferry crossings available from the UK and France.

Bus Eireann (Irish Bus) has a nationwide network of buses servicing all cities and most towns and villages. There are also many private tour operators running luxury coach services to many parts of Ireland and the UK.

Iarnrod Eireann (Irish Rail) operates a mainline train service from Dublin throughout Ireland.

For a comprehensive list of travel operators, please consult your local Irish telephone directory or

Car rental companies are in operation at all of our airports and their services are widely available in all Irish cities and towns.

Useful contacts:
Budget Car & Van Rental
Avis Rent a Car, Dublin +353 (0) 1 605 7563
Hertz Car Rental, Arrivals Hall,
Dublin Airport +353 (0) 1 844 4371

Driving in Ireland

In Ireland, we drive on the left. Drivers are required to pass a driving test in order to qualify for a driving licence. Certain EU and Australian licences can be exchanged for an Irish licence within one year of arrival. Holders of all other licences must take a practical and oral test. An International Driving Licence obtained in your current country may be used for a limited period of time; it is important to check with your insurer as this may have premium implications. Driver's licences are issued in each county by the local Motor Taxation Office. These offices are under the direction of the Department of the Environment which can be reached by telephone within the country on 1890 20 20 21 or from outside the country on +353 962 42 00. Their website is It would be advisable to purchase a copy of the 'Rules of the Road' from any Post Office or good bookshop.

Bringing a Car to Ireland

If you are bringing your car to Ireland you must be able to show that you have owned and used it for at least 6 months before relocating. If this is the case you will be exempt from VRT and VAT (Vehicle Registration Tax & Value Added Tax). Declaration form VRT4 will need to be completed. It will be necessary to be able to show that VAT and duties have been paid in your home country and in this regard, it is advisable to be well prepared with supporting documentation.

Further information may be obtained by contacting The Vehicle Registration Office, General Enquiries, St. John's House, Tallaght, Dublin 24. Tel: +353 (0) 1 414 9777 or the Office of the Revenue Commissioners, Dublin Castle, Dublin 2. Tel: +353 (0) 1 647 5000




It is a legal requirement that anyone opening a bank account in Ireland provide two forms of identification including photo I.D. and proof of address. It is also recommended that you get a letter of introduction from your employer confirming your start date. Many banks are affiliated across the world and it may be helpful to enquire at your existing bank as to the possibilities of setting up an account for you in Ireland before you arrive.

The following are some of the main banking institutions in Ireland:Skip past Further Information
Allied Irish Bank (AIB)
Bank of Ireland (BOI)
Ulster Bank
National Irish Bank (NIB)
EBS Building Society
Permanent TSB

Credit Unions
Credit Unions are non-profit making, community-based co-operatives offering loans and savings facilities. They offer members a chance to have some control over their finances by making their own savings work for them. The Health Services Staffs Credit Union is the only credit union dedicated solely to serving the financial needs of health services staff & their families and all HSE employees can become members. Further information can be found on

Post Office
The services on offer at the Post Office have changed dramatically over the past few years and, as well as postal services, it now has a wide range of products and services similar to the major banks -




Most people working in Ireland pay income tax through the PAYE system (Pay As You Earn). Tax is deducted at source by your employer and deductions are spread evenly throughout the year. To gain entry to the PAYE system it is necessary to first apply to your Social Welfare Local Office for a PPS Number. (Personal Public Service Number).

Your PPS Number is a unique identifier for use in any transactions you may have with public bodies or persons authorised by those bodies to act on their behalf. Use of the number eliminates the possibility of confusing one person with another and makes it possible for public bodies to operate more efficiently and effectively with their customers.

To find the address or contact number of your local office, please click here. You will be asked to produce documentary evidence of identity and residence in this country when applying for a PPS Number.

On obtaining a PPS Number a tax form 12A should be completed and submitted to the local tax authorities as soon as possible. For further information about taxation and to download a copy of the 12A form, please click here.

Apart from the general variables, such as salary level and marital status, there are many other factors which will determine your net pay each month.

Relief from tax is available through a tax credit system, which reduces the amount of tax to be paid. As well as a personal tax credit, credits can also be claimed in respect of mortgage interest paid, private health insurance, dependent relatives, rent paid for private residential accommodation, medical expenses and service charges. As with all tax systems there are many rules and limits, which apply to all these reliefs. The tax year in Ireland operates on a calendar year i.e. from 1st January - 31st December. The rate of tax paid by an individual is largely determined by their income, marital status and number of children. For more information about the tax system within the Republic of Ireland please visit

In addition to income tax, PRSI (Pay Related Social Insurance) will also be deducted through the tax system by employers.

Value Added Tax is a general sales tax charged on goods and services supplied within Ireland. Prices of goods and services have VAT already included in them so there are no shocks at the store checkouts. Further information may be accessed at




Anyone who is ordinarily resident in Ireland, or who moves to and is accepted as being ordinarily resident in the State, is eligible for public health services. Visit for further information.

Public Healthcare
There are two main categories of entitlement to public health care in Ireland. Persons with Category One eligibility are issued with a Medical Card and are entitled to a full range of medical services free of charge. This category is subject to strict income guidelines and generally applies to lower income families and students. Category Two are those who do not qualify for a Medical Card. This means that you have to pay for routine visits to your GP (currently approximately €50 per visit) and for prescriptions and medicines.

You also have to pay for any routine dental, optical or aural services. Persons in this category are entitled to public hospital and medical services in public wards, subject to a payment of a daily hospital services charge of €75 up to a maximum of €750 in any 12 month period. Most outpatient public hospital services are also covered. A maternity and infant service covers the services of a General Practitioner during pregnancy and for up to 6 weeks after the birth. Under the Drugs Payment Scheme an individual or family only has to pay the first €120 per calendar month of the cost of prescribed medicines. Also persons on certain long-term medication may obtain their relevant drugs and medicines free of charge.

Private Healthcare
As salaries increase, more and more people are opting to take out private health insurance. The two main private insurers in operation in Ireland are Voluntary Health Insurance (VHI) and the British based BUPA. Both companies offer various plans each with different levels of cover. A family of two adults and two children can expect to pay approximately €1143 per annum for the most popular level of cover. Full details of all schemes available may be obtained from:
VHI Healthcare, VHI House, Lower Abbey St., Dublin 1. Tel: 1850 444 444;
Quinn Healthcare, Eastgate Business Park, Little Island, Co. Cork. Tel 1890 700 890;
Irish Life Health, PO Box 764, Togher, Cork. Tel 1890 717 717;

If you are living abroad and are covered by private health insurance you may be able to transfer this to an Irish Private Healthcare provider. Ireland. It is also worth noting that tax relief at the standard rate is currently available on private health insurance premiums.

Useful Documents to bring to Ireland

  • Passports
  • Birth Certificates for each member of the family
  • Marriage Certificate for legal matters
  • Social insurance records
  • Medical and dental records
  • Medical, motor and all other insurance records
  • Educational certificates
  • Bank account details and a reference from your home country's bank
  • A reference from a previous landlord where applicable
  • Evidence of your new position and salary
  • Proof of address
  • Drivers Licence / International Driving Licence
  • Examples of children's current schoolwork to assist in placement where applicable



Bank / Public holidays in Ireland

There are 9 Bank / Public holidays in Ireland:

  • Christmas Day (December 25th)
  • St. Stephen's Day (Boxing Day)
  • New Year's Day (January 1st)
  • St. Patrick's Day (March 17th)
  • Easter Monday
  • First Monday in May
  • First Monday in June
  • First Monday in August
  • Last Monday in October



Useful Publications & Websites

Irish NewspapersSkip past Further Information
National Daily Newspapers
The Irish Times
Irish Independent
Irish Examiner

Sunday Papers
Sunday Business Post
Sunday Independent
Sunday World

The following websites may be useful for sourcing further information on Ireland:Skip past Further Information
Ireland Locally
Irish Hotels Federation
Working & Living in Ireland
Travel Ireland portal
Heritage of Ireland
Ireland Culture portal
Ireland Now
Ask Ireland
Ireland Information
Information on the Irish State