Climate change and health
Climate Action Plan
The Government's Climate Action Plan sets out objectives to reduce Ireland's carbon emissions.
The Plan outlines the leadership role public bodies can play in:
- taking early action on climate
- achieving our decarbonisation goals
- using best practice in taking climate action
HSE Climate Action Strategy 2023 – 2050
This Climate Action Strategy outlines our ambitions, actions, and goals to accelerate positive action to help tackle the climate crisis. We aim to address the growing health impacts of climate change and curb our own emissions.
The Strategy addresses our mandated priorities in the Government's Climate Action Plans focused on energy efficiency. It also looks to move beyond this, by showing leadership and commitment to integrate sustainable actions and principles across areas such as buildings, green space development, transport, greener models of healthcare, procurement and more.
Delivering our Strategy requires urgent, collaborative, and ongoing action working together with our staff, Public Sector colleagues, patients, partners, and communities who will play a critical role to reduce our collective contribution to green house gas emissions.
As part of strategy implementation, we want to support and promote a positive cultural change making sustainability core to our future decisions and ensure that it is embedded into our everyday ways of working and culture. We will do this by providing national guidance, tools, support and measures to track improvements. This is all motivated by the strong alignment between caring for the health of the environment with caring for the health of patients
HSE Infrastructure Decarbonisation Roadmap
In October 2022 the HSE published its Infrastructure Decarbonisation Roadmap (PDF, size 4.6 MB, 43 pages). This Roadmap outlines our approach to achieving the targets set out in the Government's Climate Action Plan.
The targets for the Public Sector are:
- a 51% absolute reduction in energy related Green House Gas emissions
- a 50% energy efficiency improvement by 2030
- to achieve net zero no later than 2050
The Roadmap outlines the work undertaken by the HSE to date and our approach to continuing to reduce carbon emissions from our buildings and their operation.
Climate Change Adaptation Plan for the health sector (2019 – 2024)
This is the first Climate Change Adaptation Plan for the health sector.
The Plan identifies the main climate change-related impacts and risks we expect to face in the health sector in the coming years and identifies measures we can take to build resilience and to reduce our vulnerabilities.
Climate change and health
The main cause of global warming is humans putting too much carbon in the atmosphere. Burning fossil fuels like coal and oil increases the concentration of carbon dioxide.
Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas and its presence in the atmosphere contributes to global heating.
Climate change in Ireland is in line with global trends.
The effects of climate change in Ireland are likely to become more harmful.
These could include:
- sea level rise
- more intense storms and rainfall
- more frequent and extreme river and coastal flooding
- water shortages in summer
- increased risk of new pests and diseases
- adverse impacts on water quality
Health risks from climate change vary depending on where you live.
In Ireland, the main changes related to human health are likely to be:
Increases in heat-wave related health impacts
This includes melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers. It also includes damage to eyes, asthma attacks and COPD.
Increases in flood and storm-related health impacts
This includes disruption to essential healthcare and emergency services. It also includes increased deaths, injuries, hypothermia, infectious diseases.
Changes in patterns of food-borne disease
This includes more parasites and enteric viruses in food. It can also include rotavirus infections.
Increase in the burden of waterborne disease
This includes more infections through water-borne organisms and pathogens such as cholera.
Increase in the frequency of respiratory diseases
Respiratory diseases result in more premature deaths. This is because of high levels of ozone exposure. There may be an increase in deaths because of toxic air pollution from wildfires. An increased number of infections associated with aeroallergens may occur.
Living in a more sustainable way and using resources wisely can help to protect us from these issues.