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Suicide Prevention - GPs Survey (Dec 2017)

Suicide Prevention: GPs Professional Views & Practice Experience

Findings of a Survey - December 2017


This paper summarises the findings from a survey of General Practitioners exploring a number of areas in relation to their experiences with patient suicide.


Background

Connecting for Life (CfL), Ireland’s national, coordinated, multifaceted strategy to reduce deaths by suicide and self-harm, recognises the important context that primary care plays in suicide prevention. Within this context, the General Practitioner (GP) plays a vital role.

In May 2017, the Monitoring & Evaluation Team & Clinical Advisor in the National Office for Suicide Prevention (NOSP) designed a survey, which in conjunction with Irish College for General Practitioners (ICGP), was circulated to all members and associates of the ICGP. The findings from the survey are being used by the NOSP Clinical Advisor to identify needs and inform service planners to shape how services might be better designed and delivered for and to, primary care practitioners to support their work with suicidal and self-harming persons.

Key Points

  • General Practitioners (GPs) have an important role to play in suicide prevention. The majority of individuals are in contact with their GP prior to suicide, particularly those with a mental illness. Thus, GPs are well placed to intervene.
  • 469 GPs across all nine 9 HSE Community Health Organisations (CHOs) in Ireland completed the survey.
  • The vast majority of GP respondents (77%) reported having experienced a patient suicide; most of whom reported that the patient suicide(s) had an adverse effect on them (68%). It must be noted that a limitation of the study is the possible over-representation of GPs who had experienced the suicide of a patient; they may have different views and experience than their counterparts.
  • The majority of GP respondents had not undertaken any previous suicide prevention training (81%); those who had undertaken such training showed more positive attitudes towards suicide prevention, more confidence in dealing with patient needs and in identifying appropriate service for onward referral in comparison to those with no experience of prior training.
  • Although the majority of GP respondents (59%) reported adequate preparedness for assessing a suicidal person(s), only a small proportion had actually received training on formalised assessment of suicide risk. Moreover, two-thirds of GP respondents (64%) reported that they did not have adequate preparation for their role in the use of a safety plan.
  • The GP survey respondents reported limited access to specialist support services. For example, only a minority of GPs responded that there were additional services at their practice to deal with suicidal persons (15%). Moreover, only one-third of GP respondents (33%) reported that their practice had a personal liaison with psychiatric services.
  • The top rated gaps in services for suicidal persons as identified included ‘Accessing urgent statutory mental health services, including child and adolescent services’, and ‘Accessing crisis counselling/support services’.

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